Kidney Diseases by DIET

First Identify Associated complications

Presence of infection in the form of fever, fluid deprivation due to vomiting, diaherea, dysentery etc. excessive sweating or sudden unaccustomed exercises.

Management of Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholestrol
  • Diabetes
  • Stressful lifestyles
  • Obesity
  • Lack of excercises
  • Smoking & Drugs
  • Medicines specially pain killers./li>

Diet plays an important part in management of kidney disease. A balance diet made in keeping you healthy as well avoid excess protein load on your tiring kidneys

Protein Regulation.

In early stage (predialysis stage) daily protein requirement is 0.6gm/kg body weight.

An average Indian weights 50kgs.It means 30-35 grams of first class dietary proteins can be taken every day.

However patient on Dialysis needs 1.2-1.3gm/kg body weight, high biological value proteins, e.g.eggs, chicken,meat, fish, paneer/milk products, soyabean and pulses.

Potassium has to be restricted in diet; it is present in high amount in fruits, nuts and green vegetables. Potassium can be removed from vegetables by leeching.

Sodium Restriction: To reduce sodium content in diet, do not add salt during cooking or on the table.


  • Cakes, pastries, biscuits, squash.
  • Papads, pickles,salted chips, nuts, popcorns.
  • Commercial soft drinks and proprietary drinks.
  • (They are high in sodium/potasium)
  • Dried foods like fish, fruits;readymade soups and canned foods.

Foods which could be eaten regularly

Sugar, arrow-root, sago preparation, unsalted butter, refined flour, rice preparation, vegetables oil. Vegetables especially after leaching.

As a patient of CKD your recommended diet will change over time, depending upon your kidney function and requirement of the renal replacement therapy you are on. The hospital dietician will explain the changes you need to make in your diet and help you choose the right food.